Effects of Metformin on Thyroid Function in Patients of Subclinical Hypothyroidism

Rajesh Rajput, Madhu Saini, Meena Rajput, Vijay Shankar


Background: To study the effect of metformin on thyroid function test (TFT) in patients of subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH).

Methods: A total of 30 patients of SCH with TSH between 5 - 10 mIU/L were given 2,000 mg/day of metformin for12 weeks. Patients were divided into two groups based on presence or absence of thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPO). Baseline anthropometric characteristics, fT3, fT4, TSH, serum insulin, HOMA-IR and quality of life were assessed at baseline and at 12 weeks.

Results: A total of 23 patients (76.7%) who were TPO antibody negative (group 1) showed statistically significant decrease in TSH concentration at 12 weeks with no significant change in fT3 and fT4 in contrast to 7 patients (23.3%) who were TPO antibody positive (group 2). Patients in group 1 were significantly more obese, had higher serum insulin and HOMA-IR as compared to group 2. Body weight, waist circumference, BMI and percentage body fat decreases significantly in both the groups at 12 weeks as compared to baseline but on intergroup comparison this decrease was not significant statistically (P = 0.46). The HOMA-IR of group 1 was significantly higher than that of group 2 at baseline (P <= 0.02). Serum insulin and HOMA-IR decreased significantly in both the groups but again on intergroup comparison, no significant difference was observed. A positive correlation between serum TSH and serum insulin level and HOMA-IR level (r = 0.608, P <= 0.01 and r = 0.592, P <= 0.01 respectively) was observed in group 1.

Conclusion: Metformin suppresses serum TSH levels without affecting fT3 and fT4 levels in SCH without any evidence of autoimmune thyroiditis.

J Endocrinol Metab. 2013;3(4-5):105-110
doi: https://doi.org/10.4021/jem188w


Subclinical hypothyroidism; Metformin; Thyroid function

Full Text: HTML PDF

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics


World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology


Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity


Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research


Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics



Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, bimonthly, ISSN 1923-2861 (print), 1923-287X (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.jofem.org   editorial contact: editor@jofem.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the editors and Elmer Press Inc. This website is provided for medical research and informational purposes only and does not constitute any medical advice or professional services. The information provided in this journal should not be used for diagnosis and treatment, those seeking medical advice should always consult with a licensed physician.